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The country’s textile production dates back to the Indus Valley Civilisation, but modern textile manufacturing in India began in earnest in the first half of the nineteenth century. Since then, the sector has come a long way, and it now accounts for nearly one-third of the country’s total annual exports. Textile manufacturing is also growing in importance in the Indian industrial scene, accounting for nearly 5% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Over the years, technology and innovation have been key drivers in the evolution of the Indian textile industry. Mills are successfully increasing operational efficiency and productivity levels as spinning machinery and tools become more sophisticated (with automation playing an increasingly important role) and agile production methodologies are seamlessly adopted. Here, we’ll take a quick look at how technological advancements are propelling India’s textile industry forward:
Spinning is becoming more technologically efficient
In the years preceding the industrial revolution, the process of making yarn from fibre and fabric from yarn was primarily manual. However, over the last 2-3 decades, spinning mills have proliferated – both in India and abroad – and automation has become increasingly important. Indeed, technology has aided mills in meeting the unique spinning requirements of natural fibres (jute, cotton, and so on) as well as man-made fibres. Ring spinning’s traditional methods are gradually giving way to compact spinning technologies. This, in turn, paves the way for increased yarn strength and productivity.
Spinning Machines Are Changing; Sliver Handling Is Getting Smarter
While production speeds and turnaround times were slow in the beginning, the quality and minute detailing of slivers and yarns was a high point. Mills have been able to raise production standards significantly with the help of cutting-edge spinning machinery from leading OEMs (Trutzschler, Rieter, Marzoli, LMW, Saurer, and others), while also increasing manufacturing speed and scale. As machine infrastructure becomes smarter, the precision, resilience, and quality of textile production will improve even more.
Spinning can technology, in addition to textile mill machinery, is making a difference. Premium-grade materials are used by the top manufacturers of silver cans and related components to design spinning cans with robust designs, powerful resilience, and excellent usability. Most importantly, the availability of silver cans that are fully compatible with all brands of spinning machinery is increasing convenience. This alleviates mill owners’ concerns about mechanical failures and other issues.
The Importance of 3D Printing
Openness to new ideas has emerged as a common theme among India’s leading spinning mills. 3D printing is gradually finding its way into various stages of textile and apparel production. It should be noted that 3D printers can only be used on fibres with a certain level of thinness and resilience. Of course, this technology is still in its early stages, but significant time and effort are being invested to make it more mainstream in yarn production processes in the near future.
The growing popularity of digital printing in textile manufacturing deserves special mention in this context. The entire yarn processing system has become significantly more flexible as a result of this technology, particularly when it comes to adding print motifs to clothing. Textile design is becoming more unique and customised over time, assisting buyers in finding and selecting products that provide the best value for money.
Manufacturing Technologies Are Being Completely Digitally Transformed
Technology and innovation have truly transformed the day-to-day operations of spinning mills. Aside from spinning machines, digital technologies are assisting the Indian textile sector’s transition from a labor-intensive to an automation-intensive industry. Machine control, usage, and maintenance have also become more intelligent and systematic, with analytics, data storage, and artificial intelligence playing critical roles. Mills are constantly striving to scale up production and ensure smooth supply chain operations in response to rising demand for high-quality yarns. Furthermore, textile manufacturers are increasingly shifting to data-driven operations to ensure complete quality optimization and flawless customer service.
Nanotechnology and Pleating Technology
With growing global concerns about environmental degradation, sustainability has become a watchword for the textile industry. This is where the importance of cutting-edge nanotechnology comes into play. Mills are able to make their manufacturing processes more energy-efficient, water-resistant, and even low-maintenance by seamlessly implementing nanotechnology. At a time when everyone is discussing energy thresholds, nanotechnology is contributing to more sustainable operations.
There was almost no room for pleating in the predominantly manual textile manufacturing processes (or the production of knitted fabrics). Things have changed as technology has advanced, with modern machinery making pleating possible. Knitting machines are also widely used, contributing to the evolution of the textile and apparel industries.
Note: Radio-frequency identification (RFID) and robotics are also gradually emerging as key elements in the digitisation of the textile production sector.
The Focus On Quality
As the Indian textile industry matures, so does the level of competition. To survive and thrive in today’s world, textile manufacturers are increasingly relying on a diverse range of testing machinery to ensure optimal output quality. Fineness testers, strength testers, yarn testers, count balance tools, and other equipment fall into this category. Top spinning can manufacturers are also looking to diversify their material handling solutions to expand their portfolio (e.g., trolleys, crates, jute spinning cans). The onus is on spinning mills and textile manufacturers to strike a balance between speed, quality, and expertise – and technology is assisting them in doing so.
The Rise & Rise Of Mobile Technology
As the Internet of Things (IoT) gains traction and the number of smartphone users grows by the minute, mobile technology is gaining traction among textile industry stakeholders. In our ‘connected world,’ mobile applications can help to reduce service concerns and ensure fast and smooth information transfer across all relevant parties. For example, a dedicated mobile app can make ordering silver cans simple and worry-free. It is also possible to track order status and/or check product specifications while on the go.
A CAGR of more than 10% (for the period 2022-2028) clearly demonstrates that Indian textile and apparel manufacturing is on the rise. The value of this industry is expected to reach nearly $195 billion within the next four years. The widespread adoption of smart spinning can technology – which has become central to the robustness of the sliver handling ecosystem in the modern world – is most likely the driving force behind this remarkable growth. As things currently stand, it would not be incorrect to refer to the ‘textile sector’ as the ‘tech-stile sector’! That’s why Radhey Krishna Cotweaving (RKC) has modern infrastructural setup and a well-equipped unit which help us keeping up with the latest trends and technologies, we can ensure to provide the best products and services to our customers.
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